You suddenly need to pee more than usual. You may even experience some leakage when laughing or sneezing. You are wondering whether this is normal or not.
There are a number of underlying medical conditions that will cause you to urinate more frequently than usual.
Peeing while coughing is a form of stress incontinence. When a person does a physical activity, and they unintentionally leak urine, they are experiencing stress incontinence.
Many people experience stress incontinence, but only a few seek medical care even though the condition can adversely affect their quality of life.
However, people living with stress incontinence should talk to their doctor, because there are treatment options available that can help.
When a person releases urine involuntarily as a result of physical action or activity that puts pressure on their bladder, they are experiencing stress incontinence.
Despite what its name may suggest, stress incontinence is related only to physical actions on the body and not emotional stress.
A person with stress incontinence may pee while coughing or doing any of the following activities:
- running or jumping
- having sex
- lifting something heavy
- standing up
During these activities, a person with stress incontinence will typically only leak a small amount of urine.
Stress incontinence causes a person to pee while coughing or sneezing. It should not be confused with urge incontinence, which occurs when urine leaks from a person’s bladder due to feelings of urgency that make the bladder contracting.
Some people may have both stress incontinence and urge incontinence.
Stress incontinence happens when pelvic muscles and tissues that support the bladder and control the urinary sphincter weaken. When this happens, the muscles will be unable to support the bladder and urinary sphincter properly, and urine will leak out.
The muscles that support the bladder are known as pelvic floor muscles. A variety of things can damage these muscles, and the causes are typically different for women and men.
The most common causes of damage to pelvic floor muscles in women are pregnancy and childbirth.
In men, the most likely cause of stress incontinence is the surgical removal of the prostate gland.
What counts as frequent urination?
The number of times we normally pee depends on several factors – like age, gender and how much water we drink. Our bladders can hold up to 500ml (two cups) of fluid, and the average adult needs to pee about six times a day.
While it’s important to regularly void the bladder – as static urine can lead to infections – anything more than six times a day might indicate an underlying issue.
Most women are well aware of their pelvic floor muscles, they’re often encouraged to practice exercises to strengthen them in preparation for childbirth and to restore ‘what was’ afterwards. Now research is showing men should also be strengthening…